Narrative discourse in Naji al-Ali's Cartoons

Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی


1 Alzahra

2 alzahra

3 zighar



This research aims to examine the narrative aspects in Naji al-Ali's images using a narratology method. The presence of narrative aspects in these images as manifested in the fixed characters and the choice of names for them as well as the usage of narrative units and linguistic context in descriptive and explanatory phrases in the cartoons add a narrative dimension to the images and scenes. This study seeks to explain narrative elements in forty selected cartoons, investigating the usage of black and white, literary element, character and temporal and spatial structure in them. Thus, it has examined the narrative aspects of the cartoons in visual and written discourses of the phrases included in the images. The results show that the usage of fixed characters is Naji al-Ali's narrative strategy and he has been leading in using the techniques of temporal association as shown in the phrases and the technique of forecasting using lines and figures. Regarding the literary and spatial elements, it needs to be noted that the location and its functions in his works are Palestine and the earth, where the events and actions take place and its functions are manifested either through the names of the places or their absence. The black and white themes pervade the narrative atmosphere of his cartoons so that they show the empty places by the white color and sorrow by black.


  • Receive Date: 02 November 2021
  • Revise Date: 03 January 2022
  • Accept Date: 28 December 2021
  • First Publish Date: 28 December 2021