Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی
Arabic Language and Literature, Faculty of Humanities, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
New theories in the field of linguistics have good potential for analyzing and examining literary texts. One of these theories is Holliday's systematic rationalist theory. According to this theory, the structure of language is the result of the influence of the roles that language takes on in the context of communication and in the outside world. This effect is analyzed at three level, ideational metafunction Interpersonal function Textual function, the para-role processes of thinkers, which make it possible to analyze sentences and then analyze the text, can be semantically categorized into six groups and accept special participants according to their meaning. The present study has tried to study Mikha'il Nu'ayma poem "Ele Dodeh" from a "Ideational metafunction" perspective with a descriptive-analytical method and a linguistic approach. After examining this poem, which was selected from the Divan of "Hams al-jufūn", it was found that among the six processes discussed in Ideational metafunction, the material process has the highest frequency, followed by the mental, relational process, respectively. There are existential and expressive. It is worth mentioning that Nu'ayma did not use the behavioral process in this poem. The use of transcendental function, even in such a frequency order, shows that this poet of romanticism in his poetry, in addition to expressing mental concepts, such as philosophical and mystical concepts, also seeks to convince the audience; hence, it mostly represents complex concepts and experiences in the form of material process. Inaddition, frequency of application of mental process showed that Nu'ayma highly sensitive and highly sensitive. Given that the poet has not taken Advantage of the behavioral process in this ode, he has an attitude of mind - oriented. The poet’s emphasis on the application of the language process is another proof of his personality. Therefore, it should be said that the study of Ideational metafunction clearly demonstrates the way of thinking, mental, and spiritual tendencies of Mikhail Naeema.