Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی
Assistant Professor, department of Arabic language and literature, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Knowing the style and language of each work will help a lot in understanding the themes of that work, especially when the work is studied as poetry because the language of poetry in most cases goes beyond the standard form. Safi al-Din Hali is one of the greatest poets of the period of decline and the praise of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) has a special place in his divan. Hali rhyme poem with 50 verses is one of the poet's prophetic praises that begins with the subject of the birth of the Prophet and the expression of the server of existence from this blessed event and the poet introduces the birth of the Prophet as the end of the tyranny of tyranny and the beginning of the overthrow of tyranny. And then expresses the virtues of the Prophet and praises him. The present article intends to study and analyze one of his prophetic praises in three phonetic, syntactic, and rhetorical-semantic layers through a descriptive-analytical method and the stylistic perspective, by discovering the stylistic and linguistic nuances of this poem and its role in creating meaning, to show how much the poet in the form of this poetic structure has been able to show his devotion, love, and affection for the sacred field of the Prophet.
The results of the article indicate that the poet has used a lot of puns to beautify the verses and increase the musical load of the ode. In the field of syntax, the frequency of using current sentences and news sentences is much higher than noun and essay sentences, and the division of phonetic sections is one of the stylistic features of Madhiyeh's study. In the field of rhetoric-semantics, the two elements of simile and metaphor have a very high frequency. The style used in this poem has served the dynamics of poetic discourse well and has been successful in depicting the poet's emotion and feeling towards the Prophet.