The role and position of Hussein Ibn Zahak in the evolution of Khmer poetry in the first Abbasid era

Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی


Arabic Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran



Examining the poems of Hussein ibn Zahak from the perspective of innovation in the introduction of the poem, which was at the same time with the beginning of modernization in the intellectual and cultural system of the Arab traditions, was a state of change and awareness of the new reality. Similarly, the influence of conquests and the presence of different ethnic groups with multiple cultures in Islamic society led to innovation in Arabic thought. Hussein ibn Zahak was one of the poets who, under the influence of various cultures, including Iranian culture, used new styles and interpretations to be able to synchronize his poems with the new development, so like Abu Nawas, Informed used his poems, making it the starting point for expressing new intellectual and cultural approaches. This research is a descriptive-analytical method and based on the theories of critics, has studied the innovation in the Khmer of Hussein Ibn Zahak. The results of the research show Zahak has expressed Khmer as a symbol of new culture, with a new approach that shows his delicacy in expressing poetry, and using new interpretations, and the contrast of Khmer and Tal, with Arabic values ​​and Jahli has opposed and invited to Iranian culture and originality, and thus has been able to introduce new forms in a new framework that is consistent with the reality of the age. Therefore, movement, life and dynamism are also evident in the poet's Khmer due to linguistic coherence and the use of live visual images.


Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 10 January 2023
  • Receive Date: 06 June 2022
  • Revise Date: 13 September 2022
  • Accept Date: 02 November 2022
  • First Publish Date: 02 November 2022