The structuralism is one of the most important literary critical theories that affected on the literary studies in Europe and the United States in the second half of the 20 th century. This theory entered the literary studies in the Arab world by translation, similar to the other literary theories. Therefore most of the books with has been written about structuralism in Arabic is translated from western works. But the book " Nazari'a albinae'ia" is one the valuable works in this field at the end of seventies of the past century with is wrote by Dr. Salah Fadl one of the prominent critics in Egypt ant the Arab world. In this book He introduces the structuralism in various sciences and it’s applications in literary criticism and critic and poetry slam and review story for the first time in Arab world. However satisfying to the theoretical topic, loss of the practical topics and inattention to the old Islamic criticism and rhetoric are most important disadvantages of this work.