Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی
Associate Professor, Department of Arabic Language and Literature, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran;
Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic Language and Literature, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran;
A structured look at fictional literature and the study of the elements that make up the text and the discovery of their link patterns and the opening of the encrypted text in the text provides better and fuller text comprehension. The author in each story highlights one or two narrative elements and draws a story based on it. The short story "under the canopy" (under Almazalla) from the famous Egyptian writer Najib Mahfouz is considered to be a contemporary Arabic storyline by presenting a confused and metaphorical metaphor and third-person perspective or external focus. In the modern story, the associations of the mind of the writer, are the basis for the separation of episodes and irrelevant episodes. By presenting this technique, the author has been able to show the importance and centrality of Palestine in the Arab world, and the issue of occupation and proletarian wars with fantasy images, and the meaning of loneliness and passivity of society.