عنوان مقاله [English]
Symbols are prominent features of contemporary literature that are used in various functions such as elements of nature, personality, culture and civilization, etc. Mohammad Mehdi Javaheri, a prominent Iraqi poet, is one of the poets who in many of his poems has portrayed his patriotic and peaceful ideas in the form of various symbols. But the question is, how did Javaheri use symbols to express his intentions and thoughts? What is his purpose in using symbols? The present study has tried to provide evidence of the elements of nature along with its real and symbolic meanings in jewelry poems through analytical-descriptive method. The results showed the rich culture of Javaheri, his knowledge and studies on ancient literature and his mastery of various literary texts and his wide vocabulary; They are one of the most important factors that led him to use symbols. He has directly and indirectly used the living and non-living elements of nature such as night, month, sky, sun, owl, crow, eagle, etc. By using symbols with positive and negative semantic meanings and along with beautiful and symbolic illustrations, Javaheri has conveyed his inner intentions and thoughts to the reader and with this style he has elevated his poetry.