تحلیل و بررسی جلوه های خمر در شعر مصطفی وهبی التل

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

مصطفی وهبی التل متخلص به عرار، پرآوازه ترین شاعر، ادیب، روشنفکر  و فرهیخته اردن است، در شعر وی مضامینی همچون عشق، شراب، مستی و هستی و نیستی، زندگی و مرگ، عیاشی و خوشگذرانی را می توان دید البته خمریات از مهمترین مضامینی است که در دیوان(عشیات وادی الیابس ) به صورت های گوناگونی به کار می رود تا جایی که او را در خمریات، همپایه أَبونواس، أَعشی وأَخطل می دانند، باده گساری، شراب و مستی  از مهمترین موضوعاتی است که در دیوان وی  به وضوح مشاهده می شود.این پژوهش به این نتیجه رسیده که خمریات این شاعر، با مضمون جلوه های خمری از جمله«عیاشی و خوشگذرانی، بی مبالاتی به دنیا و متعلقات آن، اضطراب و بیم از مرگ و اغتنام فرصت، بکار بردن می و انگور واقعی و درمان و دعوای بیماری» همراه و با روش پژوهشی توصیفی – تحلیلی بررسی شده است و به این سؤال پاسخ دهد که جلوه های خمر در شعر مصطفی وهبی التل چگونه به کار رفته است؟ و بر این فرض استوار است که؛ عیاشی و خوشگذرانی و در پی آن غنیمت شمردن فرصت ها، نتیجه تفکر او در مورد شراب است. این پژوهش در پی این هدف است که باده و خمر از مهمترین اغراض شعری شاعر است و حضور آن در شعر وی انکار ناپذیر است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis and investigation of wine manifesting in Mostafa Wahbi al-Tal's poetry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Laila hoseini
  • hamed sedgi
kharazmi
چکیده [English]

Mostafa Wahbi al-Tal known as Arar is the most famous poet, literary, intellectual, and educated in Jordan. His work consist of themes such as love, wine and drunkenness, being and nothingness, life and death, debauchery and pleasures. Of course, Khamriat (poetry about wine) is one of the most important themes used in his complete poetical work (Valley Yabes) in various ways to the extent that they consider him to be in Khamriat, the coequal of Abū Nuwās, Al-A'sha, and Al-Akhtal. Drinking wine, wine and drunkenness are the most important subjects which obviously are seen in his poetry.
The study has concluded that the khomriat (poetry about wine) of this poet are combined with the theme of wine effects, such as: "debauchery and pleasures, neglect of the world and its belongings, anxiety and fear of death and appreciating time, and using of wine and real grapes, and treatments and medicine of diseases", and is studied with the research method Descriptive-analytic. And it answers to this question: How is wine manifested in the poetry of Mostafa Wahbi al-Tal? And it is based on the assumption that, debauchery and pleasures, and after that, appreciating time is the result of his thought about wine. This research is seeking to achieve this goal: liquor and wine are some of the most important poetic motives of the poet and its presence in his poetry is undeniable.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Arar
  • Khamriat (the poetry about wine)
  • Valley Yabes
  • appreciating time
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