عنوان مقاله [English]
Literary works, after being written: are placed in front of writers as well as people, and inevitably they are always judged and evaluated by them. These judgments are important as literary criticism in many ways. On the one hand, they represent the critics' perception of those literary works, and on the other hand, due to the feedback that the owners of literary works receive from those critiques, they effect the process of creating and changing the works. Since the critique and selection of literary works throughout the history of literature has been constantly done on the basis of different criteria; As a result, how and also the reason for the emergence of each of those criteria during different literary periods, expresses many facts in different historical, cultural and literary fields. Facts that have changed a lot over time. This study has tried to determine how the lyrical literature of the first centuries AH, in the absence of many literary criteria that were the result of the late emergence of literary knowledge or their incomplete structure at that time, how it was able to rely on few and personal criteria, and in particular a criterion such as the emotional criterion, to advance to the edge of literary flourishing; Also, this research wants to determine what changes this criterion has undergone during these centuries and, more importantly, what effects it has had on the literature of the mentioned centuries and finally on the literature of later periods.