عنوان مقاله [English]
Ezeddin Ismael is one of the critics who is known to be a psychologist in contemporary Arabic literary criticism and has a special place. His most important work in this field is the book "al-tafsir al-nafsi leladab". His studies have been conducted in three domains: literary analysis, artist's personality analysis, and the study of the process of inventing literary work. Since today the effective psychological foundations of the literary creativity process as well as the psychoanalytic analysis of literary personality are especially important in literary criticism studies, it is necessary to study the views Ezeddin Ismael as an authoritative and authoritative thinker in this regard. Therefore, this research has tried to investigate the views of Ezeddin Ismael in a descriptive-analytical way and Answering this question, to what extent do psychostimulants affect literary creativity in the context Ezeddin Ismael? What does the psychoanalytic analysis of literary person have in his view?. The result of this study showed that using psychology, in the critique of literary works, he has come to believe that some of the psychological stimuli such as: Nervous disease, narcissism, intelligence, Imagination, ingenuity, and ... to some extent contribute to the creation of literary works, and, in his opinion, the analysis of the character of Adib contributes to the understanding of literary work, as By analyzing the psychoanalysis of the character of the ancient Arab poets, some of the weaknesses of the literary type of drama in ancient Arabic literature can be found.